The World Health Organisation (WHO) has launched a guide for the integration of perinatal mental health in maternal and child health services.
In a statement, WHO highlighted that life-altering moments like pregnancy, birth, and early parenthood can be stressful for women and their partners.
As a result, women may undergo a period of poor mental health or witness a worsening of previous mental health conditions.
“Almost 1 in 5 women will experience a mental health condition during pregnancy or in the year after the birth. Among women with perinatal mental health conditions, 20% will experience suicidal thoughts or undertake acts of self-harm. Ignoring mental health not only risks women’s overall health and well-being but also impacts infants’ physical and emotional development,” said WHO.
WHO also emphasized the importance of screening, diagnosis, and management of PMH conditions in maternal and child health (MCH) services has been highlighted in the Nurturing Care Framework, the WHO recommendations on maternal and newborn care for a positive postnatal experience, and the WHO guideline on improving Early Childhood Development.
“This new WHO guide for integrating perinatal mental health in maternal and child health services provides the best available information to support MCH providers in identifying symptoms of mental health problems and responding in a way that is adapted to their local and cultural context. The guide provides an evidence-informed approach for planning the integration of perinatal mental healthcare into MCH services and assessing its impact. Effective integration requires, for example, a core team responsible for overseeing the integration, situation analysis and needs assessment to identify a feasible package of interventions that meet women’s needs during the perinatal period, and adequate training and supervision of the workforce to deliver services,” said WHO.
MCH services during the perinatal period represent a unique opportunity to support women in a respectful and stigma-free environment, leading to increased attendance and better engagement in care for women and their babies and to greater well-being and advancement of society.